Dehydration or a virus…?
My friend has a 10 yr old boy, perfectly healthy — no problems.
Tonight around 8:00 PM he just crashed. He was complaining of a headache (“It feels like someone is drilling through my head”) and was appeared extremely tired. This all hit very sudden like, he was fine just an hour earlier.
My friend thinks it’s dehydration, because he had done some pretty heavy PE at school earlier in the day (would have been around noon or 1 pm and it’s was fairly hot, around 86 degrees). She says she’s seen this before on PE days at school.
I think something else is going on, like he caught a virus or bug of some kind. I’ve never heard of dehydration, taking effect 7 hrs after the fact.
He’s had his dinner, took a cool shower and is sleeping peacefully and we’ll see what he looks like in the morning. If he’s not up to par in the morning, then it’ll be off to see the doctor.
But just curious — any doctors or nurses out there — what do you think?
Not a doctor, but I often experience dehydration headaches, Even migraines to the point it would make me throw up. His PE may have used a lot of his fluids but when they did not replenish his body began to tell him that he needed more water.
If it is a virus or bug, Water is also always good to help you body fight it off.
dehydration an the affect?
Studies have shown that an estimated 60% of Americans are chronically dehydrated from day-to-day. Using your knowledge about the urinary system explain what effects this dehydration might have on the long term functioning of the kidneys.
There are acute and chronic dehydration. Acute dehydration happens in vomiting and diarrhoea, such as in gastroenteritis.The affected person becomes withered, weak, unconscious, and eventually dies.
Chronic dehydration happens in individuals living in arid areas or cold areas. It also happens in persons who reduce their fluid intake to avoid frequent urinating, or simply a bad habit.
Chronic dehydration affects all systems and cause extensive damages, and some of them are even deadly. To name a few are kidney stones, stroke, dementia, heart attack, and premature ageing.
An adult should produce at least a liter of urine every day.
Dehydration and hypothermia?
Can the effects of dehydration contribute to the bodies temperature dropping?
Or does that body temperature fall lead to dehydration?
Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. Medically, it is a condition in which the body contains an insufficient volume of water for normal functioning Symptoms may include headaches similar to what is experienced during a hangover, a sudden episode of visual snow, decreased blood pressure (hypotension), and dizziness or fainting when standing up due to orthostatic hypotension. Untreated dehydration generally results in delirium, unconsciousness, swelling of the tongue and in extreme cases death.
Dehydration symptoms generally become noticeable after 2% of one’s normal water volume has been lost. Initially, one experiences thirst and discomfort, possibly along with loss of appetite and dry skin. This can be followed by constipation. Athletes may suffer a loss of performance of up to 30%, and experience flushing, low endurance, rapid heart rates, elevated body temperatures, and rapid onset of fatigue.
Symptoms of mild dehydration include thirst, decreased urine volume, abnormally dark urine, unexplained tiredness, lack of tears when crying, headache, dry mouth, and dizziness when standing due to orthostatic hypotension.
In moderate to severe dehydration, there may be no urine output at all. Other symptoms in these states include lethargy or extreme sleepiness, seizures, sunken fontanel (soft spot) in infants, fainting, and sunken eyes.
The symptoms become increasingly severe with greater water loss. One’s heart and respiration rates begin to increase to compensate for decreased plasma volume and blood pressure, while body temperature may rise because of decreased sweating. Around 5% to 6% water loss, one may become groggy or sleepy, experience headaches or nausea, and may feel tingling in one’s limbs (paresthesia). With 10% to 15% fluid loss, muscles may become spastic, skin may shrivel and wrinkle, vision may dim, urination will be greatly reduced and may become painful, and delirium may begin. Losses greater than 15% are usually fatal. 
Hypothermia is a condition in which an organism’s temperature drops below that required for normal metabolism and bodily functions. In warm-blooded animals, core body temperature is maintained near a constant level through biologic homeostasis. But when the body is exposed to cold its internal mechanisms may be unable to replenish the heat that is being lost to the organism’s surroundings.
Hypothermia is the opposite of hyperthermia, the condition which causes heat exhaustion and heat stroke
Normal body temperature in humans is 37°C (98.6°F). Hypothermia can be divided in three stages of severity.
In stage 1, body temperature drops by 1-2°C below normal temperature (1.8-3.6°F). Mild to strong shivering occurs. The victim is unable to perform complex tasks with the hands; the hands become numb. Blood vessels in the outer extremities constrict, lessening heat loss to the outside air. Breathing becomes quick and shallow. Goose bumps form, raising body hair on end in an attempt to create an insulating layer of air around the body (limited use in humans due to lack of sufficient hair, but useful in other species). Often, a person will experience a warm sensation, as if they have recovered, but they are in fact heading into Stage 2. Another test to see if the person is entering stage 2 is if they are unable to touch their thumb with their little finger; this is the first stage of muscles not working.
In stage 2, body temperature drops by 2-4°C (3.6-7.2°F). Shivering becomes more violent. Muscle mis-coordination becomes apparent. Movements are slow and labored, accompanied by a stumbling pace and mild confusion, although the victim may appear alert. Surface blood vessels contract further as the body focuses its remaining resources on keeping the vital organs warm. The victim becomes pale. Lips, ears, fingers and toes may become blue.
In stage 3, body temperature drops below approximately 32°C (90°F). Shivering usually stops. Difficulty speaking, sluggish thinking, and amnesia start to appear; inability to use hands and stumbling are also usually present. Cellular metabolic processes shut down. Below 30°C (86°F) the exposed skin becomes blue and puffy, muscle coordination very poor, walking nearly impossible, and the victim exhibits incoherent/irrational behavior including terminal burrowing or even a stupor. Pulse and respiration rates decrease significantly but fast heart rates (ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation) can occur. Major organs fail. Clinical death occurs. Because of decreased cellular activity in stage 3 hypothermia, the body will actually take longer to undergo brain death
What are the effects of short-term starvation?
If someone were to simply not eat for several days, and only consume a small amount of liquid (adding dehydration to the mix), what effect would that have on the body? Lethargy and hunger pains seem likely, but would there be any other pronounced or notable reactions…?
(It’s for a book. XD;; )
Having done it myself in the military…..
Lack of ability to concentrate
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